1. When and Why did the Government set up a
body like CVC?
The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by
the Government in February,1964 on the recommendations of the
Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K.
Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the
field of vigilance.
2. What is the
background of Central Vigilance Commission?
CVC is conceived to be the apex vigilance
institution, free of control from any executive authority,
monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and
advising various authorities in Central Government organizations
in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilance
Consequent upon promulgation of an
by the President, the Central Vigilance Commission has been made a
multi member Commission with "statutory status" with
effect from 25th August,1998.
3. What is the present status of the
Central Vigilance Commission?
The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in
2003 and the President gave its assent on september 11, 2003. Thus
the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 (No45 0f 2003) came into
effect from that date.
The Commission shall consist of:
- A Central Vigilance Commissioner - Chairperson;
- Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners - Members;
Vide GOI Resolution on "Public Interest Disclosure and
Protection of Informer" dated April 2004, the Government of
India has authorized the Central Vigilance Commission as the
"Designated Agency" to receive written complaints for
disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and
recommend appropriate action.